Subject-verb agreement rules in Urdu are critical for any writer or speaker who wants to communicate effectively and accurately in the language. These rules govern the relationship between the subject of a sentence (the person, place, or thing that is performing the action) and the verb (the action word) that follows.

In order to follow these rules, you must pay careful attention to the number and gender of the subject in the sentence, as well as the tense of the verb that follows. Here are some guidelines to help you get started:

1. Match the number of the subject and verb: In Urdu, the plural form of a noun is formed by adding the suffix “-ein” or “-en” to the singular form. When the subject of the sentence is plural, the verb that follows must also be in the plural form. For example, “Larkay khail rahay hain” (The boys are playing) is correct, while “Larkay khail raha hai” (The boys is playing) is incorrect.

2. Match the gender of the subject and the verb: In Urdu, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. When the subject of the sentence is feminine, the verb that follows must also be in the feminine form. For example, “Larki baat kar rahi hai” (The girl is talking) is correct, while “Larki baat kar raha hai” (The girl is talking) is incorrect.

3. Pay attention to the tense of the verb: In Urdu, there are two main tenses: past and present. When the subject of the sentence is in the past tense, the verb that follows must also be in the past tense. Similarly, when the subject of the sentence is in the present tense, the verb that follows must also be in the present tense.

For example, “Main khana kha raha hoon” (I am eating food) is correct, while “Main khana kha raha tha” (I was eating food) is incorrect.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement rules in Urdu are essential to effective communication. Understanding these rules can help you avoid common mistakes and ensure that your messages are clear and accurate. By paying attention to the number, gender, and tense of the subject and verb in your sentences, you can communicate effectively and confidently in Urdu.